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Crapo Leads Effort to Stop Social Security Administration's Backdoor Gun Grab

Senators say old age or disability not grounds to revoke Americans' constitutional rights

Washington, D.C. -Idaho Senator Mike Crapo is leading a group of 25 senators in calling on the U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA) to halt its plan to unfairly target the Second Amendment rights of millions of Social Security beneficiaries.  In a letter to the SSA Acting Administrator, the senators call into question the Administration's recently announced plan to begin reporting millions of Social Security beneficiaries to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS).  Crapo says that flagging these individuals in the NICS database -a database designed to prevent gun sales to felons, drug addicts, illegal or unlawful immigrants and others-is unnecessary and misguided.

"Automatically labeling millions of seniors and entering them into a system designed to prevent the sale of guns to bad actors is not the solution to stopping violence in society," said Crapo.  "This misguided effort is a severe overreach by the Administration and one that is at odds with Americans' constitutional rights.  The Social Security Administration should cease any action designed to move this proposed policy forward. "

News reports have indicated that the Administration is preparing to begin providing the names of Social Security beneficiaries who utilize the representative payee system within the program and have a designated "payee" to the NICS.  If an individual is reported to the NICS, they are instantly prohibited from purchasing a firearm from a Federal Firearm Licensee.  If finalized, the unprecedented move by the Administration could arbitrarily deny millions of Americans their Second Amendment rights.  According to a U.S. Government Accountability Office report, over 8 million inviduals had a representative payee in 2013.

In the letter, the senators point to the Administration's seemingly improper assumption that these individuals are a danger to themselves or society merely because they participate in SSA's representative payee system, saying "Old age or a disability does not make someone a threat to society.  Having a representative payee should not be grounds to revoke constitutional rights."

Crapo also noted the lack of protocol in place for appealing such decisions once these inviduals have been entered into the NICS database.  "Even more alarming is the fact that there is no real established process in place to have their names removed from the system once entered.  The Administration's apparent lack of regard for due process is unacceptable."

Joining Crapo on the letter are Senators Joe Manchin (D-West Virginia), Jim Risch (R-Idaho), Orrin Hatch (R-Utah), John Thune (R-South Dakota), Tom Cotton (R-Arkansas), Dean Heller (R-Nevada), John Boozman (R-Arkansas), John Barrasso (R-Wyoming), Mike Enzi (R-Wyoming), Dan Coats (R-Indiana), Johnny Isakson (R-Georgia), Jerry Moran (R-Kansas), David Vitter (R-Louisiana), Richard Burr (R-North Carolina), Jim Inhofe (R-Oklahoma), Rand Paul (R-Kentucky), Jeff Sessions (R-Alabama), Mike Rounds (R-South Dakota), Pat Roberts (R-Kansas), Cory Gardner (R-Colorado), Roger Wicker (R-Mississippi), Steve Daines (R-Montana), James Lankford (R-Oklahoma), Roy Blunt (R-Missouri) and Dan Sullivan (R-Alaska).

Click here to view the signed copy of the letter or find the full text below.


August 6, 2015


The Honorable Carolyn Colvin

Acting Commissioner of Social Security

Social Security Administration

6401 Security Boulevard

Woodlawn, MD 21207


Dear Acting Commissioner Colvin:

We were disappointed to learn, through press reports rather than direct contact from the Social Security Administration (SSA) with Congress, that SSA is currently in the planning stages of implementing a new policy to report certain Social Security beneficiaries to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) used by the government to prevent gun sales to individuals who are felons, drug addicts, illegal or unlawful immigrants, and others.  

As far as we know, nothing in the NICS presupposes adverse risk associated with individuals who are recipients of Social Security benefits and who also utilize representative payees.  Yet, SSA's intention to implement screening of all such individuals seems to improperly presume that such a risk exists.  It is not at all clear how this misguided intention is intended to be carried out or how SSA will serve as adjudicator of risks posed by beneficiaries utilizing its representative payee system.   

The representative payee system is vital for beneficiaries who need assistance managing their own finances.  Millions of responsible seniors and people with disabilities rely on a representative payee.  As SSA explains to beneficiaries:  "There can be many reasons why Social Security decides someone needs a payee.  However, it is usually because we have information that indicated you need help managing your money and meeting your current needs."  This description does not seem to suggest that beneficiaries using representative payees are deemed to be a danger to others or to themselves.  Indeed, it would be inappropriately presumptive to decide that such dangers exist merely because an individual participates in the representative payee system, even when participation is based on mental-health related reasons.  Mental health conditions are varied, and SSA's intentions to report beneficiaries utilizing the representative payee system runs the risk of increasing stigma for beneficiaries with mental health conditions and unfairly judging them to be unfit to avail themselves of their Second Amendment rights.   

In light of SSA's perennial complaints about lack of funding to administer its programs, it is disappointing to learn that allegedly scarce administrative resources are being devoted to an effort to deny certain beneficiaries of their rights.  Those resources would more effectively be used improving service for Social Security beneficiaries, updating Social Security's dated criteria for administering its Disability Insurance program, reducing numerous service backlogs, or even improving the workings of the representative payee system currently in place, which the Government Accountability Office recently identified as "a major SSA management challenge."    

We urge you to suspend further efforts to develop your plan to report old-age and disability benefit recipients in Social Security programs to NICS and to provide a detailed report to us on the basis for SSA's intention to develop such a plan.

Old age or a disability does not make someone a threat to society. Having a representative payee should not be grounds to revoke constitutional rights.  We strongly urge you to halt any steps to provide information on Social Security beneficiaries or Supplemental Security Income recipients to the NICS.

We look forward to your prompt response.